Exorzist Film

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On 15.01.2020
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Als Yvonne (Gisa Zach) ihr auf der ArbeiterInnen der Vespa. Wir sagen: Weil ich auch fr euch, ob man zustzlich DNA verndert.

Exorzist Film

Presse und Publikum waren fasziniert und entsetzt über den mit 3 Oscars ausgezeichneten Film. Heute gehört der "Exorzist" zu den Kultfilmen seines Genres. Der Exorzist ein Film von William Friedkin mit Linda Blair, Ellen Burstyn. Inhaltsangabe: Die geschiedene Schauspielerin Chris MacNeil (Ellen Burstyn) ist​. Der alte, kranke Jesuit Pater Lancaster Merrin (Max von Sydow), der im Irak bei einer Ausgrabung eine seltsame kleine Statue mit offensichtlich machtvoll.

Exorzist Film „Der Exorzist“: Ein Schock, von dem sich das Kino nicht mehr erholte

The Exorcist ist eine amerikanische Horrorfilmserie, die aus fünf Filmen besteht, die auf dem Roman The Exorcist von William Peter Blatty aus dem Jahr basieren. Die Filme wurden von Warner Bros. Pictures und 20th Century Fox vertrieben. Exorzist II – Der Ketzer. Der Exorzist ist ein US-amerikanischer Horrorfilm aus dem Jahr Er beruht auf dem kam die Fortsetzung des Films mit dem Titel Exorzist II – Der Ketzer in die Kinos. Im Jahr wurde schließlich die zweite Fortsetzung Der Exorzist III veröffentlicht, bei der Jason Miller als Patient X in. Exorzist: Der Anfang ist ein US-amerikanischer Horrorfilm von Renny Harlin aus dem Jahr Der Film ist die Vorgeschichte – oder Prequel – zu den. Der in den Kinos angelaufene „Der Exorzist“ ist bis heute einer Science-​Fiction-Film bezeichnen, gilt William Friedkins „The Exorcist“. Der alte, kranke Jesuit Pater Lancaster Merrin (Max von Sydow), der im Irak bei einer Ausgrabung eine seltsame kleine Statue mit offensichtlich machtvoll. Im Horrorklassiker Der Exorzist wird eine jährige Linda Blair vom Teufel besessen. Der Exorzist ist ein Horrorfilm aus dem Jahr von William Friedkin mit Linda Blair, Max von Sydow und Ellen Burstyn. Exorzist: Der Anfang. Im Horrorklassiker Der Exorzist wird eine jährige Linda Blair vom Teufel besessen. Ihre verzweifelte Mutter wendet sich an die katholische Kirche, welche zwei.

Exorzist Film

Presse und Publikum waren fasziniert und entsetzt über den mit 3 Oscars ausgezeichneten Film. Heute gehört der "Exorzist" zu den Kultfilmen seines Genres. Der Exorzist ein Film von William Friedkin mit Linda Blair, Ellen Burstyn. Inhaltsangabe: Die geschiedene Schauspielerin Chris MacNeil (Ellen Burstyn) ist​. Im Horrorklassiker Der Exorzist wird eine jährige Linda Blair vom Teufel besessen. Der Exorzist ist ein Horrorfilm aus dem Jahr von William Friedkin mit Linda Blair, Max von Sydow und Ellen Burstyn. Exorzist: Der Anfang.

Regan is weer normaal en later besluiten Chris en Regan het huis, dat hen te veel doet denken aan de vreselijke geschiedenis, te verlaten. Het meisje kan zich niet veel meer herinneren.

Nog voordat de film werd uitgebracht, maakte de originele trailer die later onmiddellijk werd verboden al een enorme impact.

In de trailer komen na zo'n 30 seconden felle flitsende beelden van o. Dit leidde ertoe dat sommigen de bioscoopzalen onmiddellijk in paniek verlieten.

Sommigen mensen moesten zelfs door de trailer overgeven. Ook kregen sommigen van hen een beroerte of vielen flauw door onder meer een hartaanval.

Lalo Schifrin , die de onheilspellende muziek schreef, vertelde aan Score Magazine dat het een van de meest onaangename ervaringen in zijn leven was.

The Exorcist was een enorme hit: sommigen mensen reden meer dan kilometer naar de dichtstbijzijnde bioscoop, om vervolgens vijf tot zeven uur in de rij te staan.

De film haalde hiermee het landelijk nieuws. De film won twee Oscars en vier Golden Globes. Lalo Schifrin verzorgde de soundtrack voor de film.

Zijn eerste versie werd afgekeurd door Friedkin. Schifrin had reeds zes minuten filmmuziek geschreven voor de trailer van de film, maar omdat het testpubliek deze muziek in combinatie met de beelden te heftig vond, gaf Warner Bros.

Schifrin de opdracht de muziek wat milder te maken. Naderhand maakte Friedkin bekend dat hij liever Tangerine Dream de muziek had willen laten componeren.

Hierin zijn ongeveer twaalf minuten aan de film toegevoegd die oorspronkelijk sneuvelden in de montage. Regan komt hierin op handen en voeten ondersteboven de trap afgestoven, om eenmaal beneden het bloed uit haar mond te laten gutsen.

Dit is een andere versie van de spiderwalk dan die op de eerder genoemde dvd's. De nieuwe versie eindigt met een gesprek tussen Father Dyer en rechercheur Kinderman.

Gedurende de film zijn er hier en daar frames met de beeltenis van de demon ingeplakt. Als The Version You've Never Seen draaide The Exorcist dik 25 jaar na het oorspronkelijke verschijnen wederom in de bioscoop, voordat de nieuwe versie op dvd uitkwam.

Dat is ongebruikelijk voor films waaraan speeltijd is toegevoegd. Gewoonlijk verschijnen die op dvd als 'special edition'.

The Exorcist werd genomineerd voor tien Oscars. Klein vermutet, dass die Jährige an einer Anomalie des Schläfenlappens leidet, aber Röntgenaufnahmen ergeben keinen Befund.

Von der Konsultation eines Psychiaters rät Dr. Klein ab, stattdessen nimmt er weitere Untersuchungen des Gehirns vor. Eines Abends hat Chris Freunde und Kollegen eingeladen.

Regans Zustand verschlimmert sich immer mehr, und als Chris eines Abends nach Hause kommt, findet sie Regan allein in ihrem Schlafzimmer bei geöffnetem Fenster vor.

Kurz danach kehrt das Kindermädchen Sharon zurück, das auf Regan aufpassen sollte, und erklärt ihre Abwesenheit damit, Medikamente für Regan besorgt zu haben, während Regisseur Dennings, der sich zufällig im Haus aufgehalten habe, bei Regan geblieben sei.

Dieser ist jedoch nicht im Haus. Polizei-Lieutenant William F. Doch die Schauspielerin ist völlig davon überzeugt, dass der mit ihr befreundete Regisseur nicht in Regans Zimmer war.

Mit eigenen Augen sieht Chris, wie das Bett, in dem ihre Tochter liegt, von unsichtbaren Kräften herumgerüttelt wird.

Klein versucht das zunächst mit Spasmen des Mädchens zu erklären, aber Chris hat das Vertrauen zu ihm verloren.

Alle Untersuchungen und Beratungen bleiben ergebnislos. Da schlägt einer der Ärzte vor, es mit Exorzismus zu versuchen.

Dies sei zwar eine fragwürdige Methode und habe nichts mit den von der Kirche behaupteten Vorgängen zu tun, aber hin und wieder könne so eine Teufelsaustreibung durch die suggestive Wirkung psychosomatische Störungen beseitigen.

Sie ist inzwischen davon überzeugt, dass Regan in ihrer Besessenheit Dennings umgebracht hat. Der Jesuit weigert sich zunächst, das aus dem Mittelalter stammende Ritual überhaupt in Betracht zu ziehen, aber Chris drängt ihn, sich ihre inzwischen auf dem Bett festgebundene, schrecklich verunstaltete, blasphemische , obszöne , schreiende, geifernde und sich windende Tochter Regan anzusehen.

Durch mehrere Besuche kommt der unter Glaubenszweifeln leidende Geistliche zu der Überzeugung, dass Regan tatsächlich von einem Dämon besessen ist.

Bischof Michael erlaubt den Exorzismus unter der Bedingung, dass er von einem erfahrenen Pater wie Lankester Merrin vorgenommen wird und Karras nur als Assistent mitwirkt.

Die beiden Jesuiten beginnen mit der Teufelsaustreibung. Regan ist vom Bösen befreit und wieder ein liebenswürdiges Mädchen. Als der Film in die Kinos kam, verheimlichte Friedkin aus marketingtechnischen Gründen die Tatsache, dass der Part der von Pazuzu besessenen Regan aus verschiedenen Komponenten zusammengesetzt war in mehreren Szenen spielte statt der zwölfjährigen Linda Blair die Darstellerin Eileen Dietz , während die dämonische Stimme von Mercedes McCambridge beigesteuert wurde.

Von der Europapremiere in London wurde berichtet, dass es Abwanderungen und Ohnmachtsanfälle gegeben habe. Diese wirkt wie ein überlanger Trailer und zeigt die Höhepunkte aus dem gesamten Film.

Der Handlungsstrang blieb dabei erhalten. Beide Fassungen wurden in englischer, deutscher und spanischer Sprache international vertrieben, wobei die Kopien für den deutschsprachigen Raum ebenfalls in den USA gefertigt wurden.

The movie begins well and grows more and more until the scary and eerie finale. Top-notch picture, thanks to fine acting , tight pacing , well mounted edition and skillful special effects with magnificent make-up by Dick Smith.

Creepy acting by Linda Blair , due to death threats against Linda Blair from religious zealots who believed the film "glorified Satan", Warner Bros had bodyguards protecting her for six months after the film's release.

On the first day of filming the exorcism sequence, Linda Blair's delivery of her foul-mouthed dialogue so disturbed the gentlemanly Max Von Sydow that he actually forgot his lines.

The script is awesome , the acting excellent and the direction by William Friedkin plenty of good pace and conviction. Reiussed in by means of a special edition by director with ten minutes approximately additional footage with new amazing scenes as Regan downing stairs.

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Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. When a year-old girl is possessed by a mysterious entity, her mother seeks the help of two priests to save her.

Director: William Friedkin.

Exorzist Film Exorzist Film Miller, who had done some stage Florian Meyer Bares Für Rares but had never been in a film, asked to at least be given a screen test. Genres: Horror. Since many theaters would not show such films, and newspapers would not run ads for them, the X rating greatly limited a non-pornographic film's commercial prospects. Jason Miller. At Karras' invitation, it leaves Regan's body and possesses Karras. William Kinderman. Views Read Edit View history.

Exorzist Film Navigationsmenü Video

Der Exorzist (1973)

Die Verhaltensstörungen verstärken sich dennoch: Regan wird immer aggressiver und ausfallender. Klein vermutet, dass die Jährige an einer Anomalie des Schläfenlappens leidet, aber Röntgenaufnahmen ergeben keinen Befund.

Von der Konsultation eines Psychiaters rät Dr. Klein ab, stattdessen nimmt er weitere Untersuchungen des Gehirns vor. Eines Abends hat Chris Freunde und Kollegen eingeladen.

Regans Zustand verschlimmert sich immer mehr, und als Chris eines Abends nach Hause kommt, findet sie Regan allein in ihrem Schlafzimmer bei geöffnetem Fenster vor.

Kurz danach kehrt das Kindermädchen Sharon zurück, das auf Regan aufpassen sollte, und erklärt ihre Abwesenheit damit, Medikamente für Regan besorgt zu haben, während Regisseur Dennings, der sich zufällig im Haus aufgehalten habe, bei Regan geblieben sei.

Dieser ist jedoch nicht im Haus. Polizei-Lieutenant William F. Doch die Schauspielerin ist völlig davon überzeugt, dass der mit ihr befreundete Regisseur nicht in Regans Zimmer war.

Mit eigenen Augen sieht Chris, wie das Bett, in dem ihre Tochter liegt, von unsichtbaren Kräften herumgerüttelt wird. Klein versucht das zunächst mit Spasmen des Mädchens zu erklären, aber Chris hat das Vertrauen zu ihm verloren.

Alle Untersuchungen und Beratungen bleiben ergebnislos. Da schlägt einer der Ärzte vor, es mit Exorzismus zu versuchen. Dies sei zwar eine fragwürdige Methode und habe nichts mit den von der Kirche behaupteten Vorgängen zu tun, aber hin und wieder könne so eine Teufelsaustreibung durch die suggestive Wirkung psychosomatische Störungen beseitigen.

Sie ist inzwischen davon überzeugt, dass Regan in ihrer Besessenheit Dennings umgebracht hat. Der Jesuit weigert sich zunächst, das aus dem Mittelalter stammende Ritual überhaupt in Betracht zu ziehen, aber Chris drängt ihn, sich ihre inzwischen auf dem Bett festgebundene, schrecklich verunstaltete, blasphemische , obszöne , schreiende, geifernde und sich windende Tochter Regan anzusehen.

Durch mehrere Besuche kommt der unter Glaubenszweifeln leidende Geistliche zu der Überzeugung, dass Regan tatsächlich von einem Dämon besessen ist.

Bischof Michael erlaubt den Exorzismus unter der Bedingung, dass er von einem erfahrenen Pater wie Lankester Merrin vorgenommen wird und Karras nur als Assistent mitwirkt.

Die beiden Jesuiten beginnen mit der Teufelsaustreibung. Regan ist vom Bösen befreit und wieder ein liebenswürdiges Mädchen.

Als der Film in die Kinos kam, verheimlichte Friedkin aus marketingtechnischen Gründen die Tatsache, dass der Part der von Pazuzu besessenen Regan aus verschiedenen Komponenten zusammengesetzt war in mehreren Szenen spielte statt der zwölfjährigen Linda Blair die Darstellerin Eileen Dietz , während die dämonische Stimme von Mercedes McCambridge beigesteuert wurde.

Von der Europapremiere in London wurde berichtet, dass es Abwanderungen und Ohnmachtsanfälle gegeben habe. Diese wirkt wie ein überlanger Trailer und zeigt die Höhepunkte aus dem gesamten Film.

Der Handlungsstrang blieb dabei erhalten. Beide Fassungen wurden in englischer, deutscher und spanischer Sprache international vertrieben, wobei die Kopien für den deutschsprachigen Raum ebenfalls in den USA gefertigt wurden.

Die Minuten-Fassung enthielt Szenen, die in die Minuten-Fassung übernommen werden konnten, wobei dann eine ungefähre Gesamtlaufzeit von 52 Minuten entstand.

Die Schmalfilmfassungen konzentrieren sich auf die wesentlichen Inhalte und Schauderszenen des Originalfilms.

An einer Stelle wurde die Reihenfolge von Szenen geändert. Titel: Das Zeichen. Der Film wurde durch die Digitalisierung des Films neu synchronisiert.

Im Gegensatz zu seinen Vorgängern wartet dieser Film mit einer Vielzahl von spektakulären Spezialeffekten auf. Regie führte Renny Harlin.

Dieser Film war die ursprünglich gedrehte Version von Exorzist: Der Anfang , der aber dem Studio und Testpublikum nicht gefallen hat, weshalb mit einem neuen Drehbuch fast der ganze Film noch einmal neu gedreht wurde.

In der Nebenrolle des Dieners Karl ist der deutsche Schauspieler Rudolf Schündler zu sehen, der in der siebenteiligen Pennäler-Komödienreihe Die Lümmel von der ersten Bank über einen chaotischen Klassenverband, die zwischen und erschien, den unbeholfenen Lehrer Oberstudienrat Dr.

Arthur Knörz verkörperte. Die Spezialeffekte, die sich wohlweislich in Grenzen halten, sind stellenweise wirklich furchterregend, wenn auch relativ leicht zu durchschauen.

Stuntwoman Ann Miles performed the spider-walk scene in November Friedkin deleted this scene against Blatty's objection just prior to the premiere, as he judged the scene as appearing too early in the film's plot.

In the book, the spider-walk is more muted, consisting of Regan following Sharon around near the floor and flicking a snakelike tongue at her ankles.

A take of this version of the scene was filmed but went unused. However, a different take showing Regan with blood flowing from her mouth was inserted into the Director's Cut of the film.

The Exorcist contained a number of special effects, engineered by makeup artist Dick Smith. In one scene from the film, Max von Sydow is actually wearing more makeup than the possessed girl Linda Blair.

This was because director Friedkin wanted some very detailed facial close-ups. When this film was made, von Sydow was 44, though he was made up to look The Exorcist was also at the center of controversy due to its alleged use of subliminal imagery introduced as special effects during the production of the film.

Wilson Bryan Key wrote a whole chapter on the film in his book Media Sexploitation alleging repeated use of subliminal and semi-subliminal imagery and sound effects.

Key observed the use of the Pazuzu face which Key mistakenly assumed was Jason Miller in death mask makeup, instead of actress Eileen Dietz and claimed that the safety padding on the bedposts was shaped to cast phallic shadows on the wall and that a skull face is superimposed into one of Father Merrin's breath clouds.

Key also wrote much about the sound design, identifying the use of pig squeals, for instance, and elaborating on his opinion of the subliminal intent of it all.

In an interview from the same issue, Friedkin explained, "I saw subliminal cuts in a number of films before I ever put them in The Exorcist , and I thought it was a very effective storytelling device.

The subliminal editing in The Exorcist was done for dramatic effect — to create, achieve, and sustain a kind of dreamlike state.

If you can see it, it's not subliminal. The editing of the title sequence was the first major project for the film title designer Dan Perri.

As a result of the success of The Exorcist , Perri went on to design opening titles for a number of major films including Taxi Driver , Star Wars , and Gangs of New York Lalo Schifrin 's working score was rejected by Friedkin.

Schifrin had written six minutes of music for the initial film trailer but audiences were reportedly too scared by its combination of sights and sounds.

Warner Bros. In the soundtrack liner notes for his film, Sorcerer , Friedkin said that if he had heard the music of Tangerine Dream earlier, then he would have had them score The Exorcist.

Instead, he used modern classical compositions, including portions of the Cello Concerto No. The music was heard only during scene transitions.

What is now considered the "Theme from The Exorcist", i. In a restored and remastered soundtrack was released by Warner Bros.

That same year, the Japanese version of the original soundtrack LP did not include the Schifrin pieces but did include the main theme from Tubular Bells by Mike Oldfield , and the movement titled Night of the Electric Insects from George Crumb 's string quartet Black Angels.

Waxwork Records released the score in on two different variations of gram vinyl, "Pazuzu" with clear and black smoke and "Exorcism" that featured blue and black smoke.

The record was re-mastered from the original tapes; it included liner notes from Friedkin with art by Justin Erickson from Phantom City Creative. Lyric writer Lefteris Papadopoulos has admitted that a few years later when he was in financial difficulties he asked for some compensation for the intellectual rights of the song.

Part of Hans Werner Henze 's composition Fantasia for Strings is played over the closing credits. Upon its December 26, , release, the film received mixed reviews from critics, "ranging from 'classic' to 'claptrap ' ".

A limited special edition box set was released in for the film's 25th anniversary; it was limited to 50, copies, with available copies circulating around the Internet.

The extended edition was later re-released on DVD and released on Blu-ray with slight alterations under the new label "Extended Director's Cut" on October 5, Since it was a horror film that had gone well over budget and did not have any major stars in the lead roles, Warner did not have high expectations for The Exorcist.

It did not preview the film for critics and booked its initial release for only 30 screens in 24 theaters, [59] mostly in large cities. None of the theaters were in African American neighborhoods such as South Central Los Angeles since the studio did not expect black people to take much interest in the film; after the theater in predominantly white Westwood showing the film was overwhelmed with moviegoers from South Central it was quickly booked into theaters in that neighborhood.

Stanley Kauffmann , in The New Republic , wrote, "This is the scariest film I've seen in years — the only scary film I've seen in years.

If you want to be shaken — and I found out, while the picture was going, that that's what I wanted — then The Exorcist will scare the hell out of you".

Murphy of Variety noted that it was "an expert telling of a supernatural horror story. The climactic sequences assault the senses and the intellect with pure cinematic terror".

Director Friedkin's film will be profoundly disturbing to all audiences, especially the more sensitive and those who tend to 'live' the movies they see.

Suffice it to say, there has never been anything like this on the screen before". Are people so numb they need movies of this intensity in order to feel anything at all?

He wrote, "That it received an R rating and not the X is stupefying". It establishes a new low for grotesque special effects. Whole passages of the movie's exposition were one long buzz of small talk and name droppings.

The Exorcist succeeds on one level as an effectively excruciating entertainment, but on another, deeper level it is a thoroughly evil film".

DeMille minus that gentleman's wit and ability to tell a story. The angiography scene, in which a needle is inserted into Regan's neck and spurts blood, a procedure Friedkin suggests was actually performed on camera, [90] has come in for some criticism.

Medical professionals have described the scene as a realistic depiction of the procedure. It is also of historical interest in the field, as around the time of the film's release radiologists had begun to stop using the carotid artery for the puncture as they do in the film, in favor of a more distant artery.

It had already been criticized for its indirect censorship : as many as a third of the films submitted to it had had to be recut after being rated X , meaning no minors could be admitted.

Since many theaters would not show such films, and newspapers would not run ads for them, the X rating greatly limited a non-pornographic film's commercial prospects.

While Friedkin wanted more blood and gore in The Exorcist than had been in any Hollywood film previously, he also needed the film to have an R rating children admitted only with an adult to reach a large audience.

Before release, Aaron Stern, the head of the MPAA ratings board, decided to watch the film himself before the rest of the board. He then called Friedkin and said that since The Exorcist was "an important film", he would allow it to receive an R rating without any cuts.

Some critics, both anticipating and reacting to reports of the film's effect on children who might be or had been taken to see it, questioned the R rating.

While he had praised the film, Roy Meacham, a critic for Metromedia television stations based in Washington, D. Nevertheless, some had, and he had heard of one girl being taken from the theater in an ambulance.

In Washington, the film drew strong interest as well since it was a rare film set in the area that did not involve government activity.

He suggested that the ratings board had somehow yielded to pressure from Warners not to give the film an X rating, which would have likely limited its economic prospects, and was skeptical of MPAA head Jack Valenti 's claims that since the film had no sex or nudity, it could receive an R.

After a week in Washington's theaters, Meacham recalled, authorities cited the crucifix scene to invoke a local ordinance that forbid minors from seeing any scenes with sexual content even where the actors were fully clothed; police warned theaters that staff would be arrested if any minors were admitted to The Exorcist.

He feared that, as a result, communities across the country would feel it necessary to pass their own, perhaps more restrictive, laws regarding the content of movies that could be shown in their jurisdictions: "For if the movie industry cannot provide safeguards for minors, authorities will have to".

Two communities, Boston and Hattiesburg, Mississippi , attempted to prevent the film from being shown outright in their jurisdictions.

A court in the former city blocked the ban, saying the film did not meet the U. Supreme Court 's standard of obscenity. California decision which laid down a new standard for obscenity.

New Yorker film critic Pauline Kael echoed Meacham's insinuations that the board had yielded to studio pressure in rating the film R: "If The Exorcist had cost under a million or been made abroad, it would almost certainly be an X film.

But when a movie is as expensive as this one, the [board] doesn't dare give it an X". There was also concern that theaters were not strictly enforcing, or even enforcing at all, the R rating, allowing unaccompanied minors to view the film.

Times critic Lawrence Van Gelder reported that a year-old girl in California said that not only was she sold a ticket to see the film despite no adult being with her, others who seemed even younger were able to do so as well.

Nevertheless, "I think that if a movie ever deserved an X rating simply because it would keep the kids out of the theater, it is The Exorcist ".

His eventual replacement, Richard Heffner , asked during the interview process about films with controversial ratings, including The Exorcist , said: "How could anything be worse than this?

And it got an R? The Exorcist was released in London on March 14, These protests involved members of local clergy and concerned citizens handing out leaflets to those queuing to see the film, offering spiritual support afterwards for those who asked for it.

The Exorcist was available on home video from in the UK. James Ferman , Director of the Board, vetoed the decision to grant a certificate to the film, despite the majority of the group willing to pass it.

It was out of Ferman's concerns that, even with a proposed 18 certificate , the film's notoriety would entice underage viewers to seek it out. As a result, all video copies of The Exorcist were withdrawn in the UK in and remained unavailable for purchase until Following a successful re-release in cinemas in , the film was submitted for home video release again in February , [] and was passed uncut with an 18 certificate , signifying a relaxation of the censorship rules with relation to home video in the UK, in part due to James Ferman's departure.

The film was shown on terrestrial television in the UK for the first time in , on Channel 4. The Exorcist set box office records that stood for many years.

For almost half a century, until the adaptation of Stephen King 's It , it was the top-grossing R-rated horror film. Since its release, The Exorcist ' s critical reputation has grown considerably.

The site's critics consensus states: " The Exorcist rides its supernatural theme to magical effect, with remarkable special effects and an eerie atmosphere, resulting in one of the scariest films of all time".

It's absolutely true with The Exorcist — it reflects the anxieties of the audience. Some people think it's an outright horror-fest, but I don't. It was written by a devout Catholic who hoped it would make people think positively about the existence of God.

William Peter Blatty, who wrote the book, thought that if there are demons then there are also angels and life after death.

He couldn't see why people thought it was scary. I've seen it about times and every time I see something I haven't seen before".

Director Martin Scorsese placed The Exorcist on his list of the 11 scariest horror films of all time. On December 26 a movie called The Exorcist opened in theatres across the country and since then all Hell has broken loose.

Despite its mixed reviews and the controversies over its content and viewer reaction, The Exorcist was a runaway hit.

The crowds gathered outside theaters sometimes rioted, and police were called in to quell disturbances in not only New York but Kansas City.

The New York Times asked some of those in line what drew them there. Those who had read the novel accounted for about a third; they wanted to see if the film could realistically depict some of the scenes in the book.

Others said: "We're here because we're nuts and because we wanted to be part of the madness". A repeat viewer told the newspaper that it was the best horror film he had seen in decades, "much better than Psycho.

You feel contaminated when you leave the theater. There's something that is impossible to erase". Many made a point of saying that they had either never waited in line that long for a movie before, or not in a long time.

Reports of strong audience reactions were widespread; many including accounts of nausea and fainting. A woman in New York was said to have miscarried during a showing.

Other theaters arranged for ambulances to be on call. Some patrons had to be helped to leave the places they had hidden in theaters.

Despite its lack of any supernatural content, many audience members found the angiography, where blood spurts from the tube inserted into Regan's neck, to be the film's most unsettling scene Blatty says he has only watched it once, while the film was being edited, and avoids it on every other viewing.

In , The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease published a paper by a psychiatrist documenting four cases of what he called "cinematic neurosis " triggered by viewing the film.

In all he believed the neurosis was already present and merely triggered by viewing scenes in the film, particularly those depicting Regan's possession.

He recommended that treating physicians view the movie with their patient to help him or her identify the sources of their trauma. Three separate production histories were published.

Journalists complained that coverage of the film and its controversies was distracting the public from the ongoing Watergate scandal.

Much of the coverage, in fact, focused on the audience which, in the later words of film historian William Paul, "had become a spectacle equal to the film".

He cites an Associated Press cartoon in which a couple trying to purchase tickets to the film was told that while the film itself is sold out, "we're selling tickets to the lobby to watch the audience.

Within a year of The Exorcist ' s release, two films were quickly made that appeared to appropriate elements of its plot or production design.

Warner took legal action against the producers of both, accusing them of copyright infringement. The lawsuits resulted in one film being pulled from distribution and the other one having to change its advertisements.

Abby , released almost a year after The Exorcist , put a blaxploitation spin on the material. In it a Yoruba demon released during an archeological dig in Africa crosses the Atlantic Ocean and possesses the archaeologist's daughter at home in Kentucky.

Director William Girdler acknowledged the movie was intended to cash in on the success of The Exorcist. Warner's lawsuit early in resulted in most prints of the film being confiscated; the film has rarely been screened since and is not available on any home media.

Later, in , Warner Bros. Judge David W. Williams of the United States District Court for the Central District of California held first that since Blatty had based the character on what he was told was a true story, Regan was not original to either film and thus Warner could not hold a copyright on Regan.

Even if she had been a creation, she could not be copyrighted since she was subordinate to the story. The writers of the FVI film had also further distanced themselves from an infringement claim by having their possessed female, Jessica, be a pregnant adult woman.

However, he found that some of Beyond the Door ' s advertising graphics, such as an image of light coming from behind a door into a darkened room, and the letter "T" drawn as a Christian cross , were similar enough to those used to promote The Exorcist that the public could reasonably have been confused into thinking the two films were the same, or made by the same people, and enjoined FVI from further use of those graphics.

The film's success led Warner to initiate a sequel , one of the first times a studio had done that with a major film, launching a franchise. While many of the classic horror films of the s, like Frankenstein and King Kong had spawned series of films over the decades, they had always been secondary properties for the studios.

The other big-budget horror films made in the wake of The Exorcist also led to sequels and franchises of their own.

The Exorcist was nominated for ten Academy Awards in , winning two. It is the first horror film to be nominated for Best Picture.

To appease the screenwriter and some fans of The Exorcist , Friedkin reinstated the bloody variant of the spider-walk scene for the theatrically re-released version of The Exorcist: The Version You've Never Seen.

Linda R. Hager, the lighting double for Linda Blair, was incorrectly credited for performing the stunt. In , Warner Bros.

The film has gone on to spawn multiple sequels and an overarching media franchise including a television series. On August , it was announced that a reboot of the film is in the works from Morgan Creek Entertainment and slated for release in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Theatrical release poster by Bill Gold. Hoya Productions [1]. Release date. Running time. Damien Karras , S. Cobb as Lieutenant William F.

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Main articles: The Exorcist and The Exorcist film series. Retrieved October 27, The Numbers. Retrieved December 28, Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on December 27, Retrieved August 19, Strange Magazine.

Retrieved August 10, September 9, Retrieved August 2, Retrieved August 29, The Hollywood Reporter.

Retrieved December 29, Library of Congress, Washington, D. Retrieved September 30, Theatrical Versions". Retrieved July 16, Retrieved June 16, Awards Daily.

Retrieved May 6, It Happened in Hollywood Podcast. Event occurs at — Retrieved February 25, The directors: in their own words.

TV Books. BBC Documentary. USA Today. March 17, Retrieved October 24, New Statesman. February 5, Retrieved October 28, Iraq, Washington, D.

Retrieved February 27, Retrieved June 24, The Washington Post. Retrieved October 29, Retrieved March 4, Irish Central. Retrieved April 29, Movie Pilot.

Archived from the original on June 4, The Exorcist. BFI Modern Classics 2nd revised ed. British Film Institute. Horror Films. Virgin Film. Virgin Books.

BBC News. January 12, Retrieved August 16, Video Watchdog Magazine, issue No. Interviewed in Video Watchdog Magazine, issue No. Retrieved April 7, Art of the Title.

Archived from the original on August 11, Retrieved August 11, Retrieved October 26, The Guardian. Retrieved 1 November Nightmare on Filmstreet.

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